How are Liquid Coconut Milk and Coconut Cream Processed?
The mature coconuts (10-12 months gestation) are de-husked and
de-shelled, then peeled. The remaining white flesh is spray washed and
then grated. This soft, fresh coconut meat is then pressed to extract a
creamy coconut milk, which is immediately chilled to 4° C (approximately 39° F). Coconut milk, when kept refrigerated, is only good for about 6 hours; therefore, each batch is processed very quickly once the coconut milk is obtained, usually within the hour.
This "coconut milk" is tested for fat content and adjusted with the use of
purified water to the proper concentration: 24% fat for the
Coconut Cream, 17% fat for Coconut Milk.
Next the batch is flash heated to 70° C (158° F) and held
there for 2 seconds.
Quickly the batch is cooled to 4° C (Refrigerator temperature, 39° F).
Later the batch is flash heated again, but this time to 140° C (284°
F) and held there for 4 seconds.
And then it is quickly cooled to 30° C (86° F or close to
Now it is ready to go into the tetra paks. Everything is at room
temperature when it is packaged and sealed.
Some type of processing is necessary for all coconut milk and
cream in order for it to be shelf stable. Of all the methods
available, we prefer the quality and taste of coconut milk
produced by this method. Normally, when coconut milk is
canned, it is heated to boiling and then put in the cans which are then
sealed and placed in an autoclave-like oven with high pressure and
temperatures, for 90 minutes (1½ hours).
On the other hand, when coconut milk or
cream is produced with our flash heating and cooling method
as described above, very little effect on the taste or quality of the product
can be detected. Most people feel as though this method yields
coconut milk and cream that tastes like it is fresh. Both
the milk and the cream pour from the carton with very little separation, and are delicious.
Tetra Pak Material
The tetra pak material is actually a 4-layer laminated carton. The layer
closest to the coconut milk or cream is a food grade
polyethylene plastic that is acid resistant and will not breakdown or leach
into even high acid foods, such as orange juice and tomato juice. The plastic
never sees any heat during packaging except on the seams when it is
sealed. The tetra pak material used by our company is BPA free.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Do the Tetra Paks (Juice boxes) need to be refrigerated?
Because of the process above, both coconut milk and coconut
cream tetra paks are shelf stable for 18 months after the date of
manufacture. They may be stored at room temperature in a pantry or cupboard
without any concerns. However, once opened this product needs to be
refrigerated and should be used within a few days after opening.
The colder the conditions these products are stored under the thicker their
contents will become. Shaking is recommended before opening.
Can these products be considered raw?
The liquid coconut milk and coconut cream experience a 2
second heat and a 4 second heat with a cooling cycle in between as described
above. This process has a very minimal effect on the taste and flavor,
maintaining qualities similar to freshly squeezed coconut milk and
coconut cream. However, these two heat cycles preclude it from being
Is it Organic?
Yes. The coconut cream previously sold by Wilderness Family Naturals was not organic, but this current Coconut Cream is Certified Organic. Both this Coconut Cream and our previous product were Kosher and both contain the same ingredients.
How much Coconut Oil is in the Coconut Milk and Coconut Cream?
The liquid coconut milk is approximately 17% fat (coconut
oil). One 330 ml. carton contains about 3½ tablespoons oil. Cow's
milk is generally 2-6% fat, while nut and seed milks are generally lower in
fat than any dairy. Therefore, most people find coconut milk tastes richer
when you drink it from the glass or use it as a milk substitute over cereals.
Liquid Coconut cream is approximately 24% fat
(coconut oil) and one 330 ml carton contains over 5
tablespoons of oil. It is even thicker and richer than coconut
milk with a consistency closer to heavy whipping cream. It is
generally used by the tablespoon but makes delicious ice cream!
Are there any additives/preservatives added to the milk or cream?
There are no preservatives added to the coconut milk or coconut cream. However, to keep the coconut cream and milk completely fluid and not
allow it to separate, a tiny bit of non-GMO xanthan gum (1/10th of
1%) is added to the milk and cream.